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Green walls Definition and Classification
Green Walls with the another name Vertical Gardens is the term of used to refer to all form of vegetated wall surfaces . Green walls are not only spectacularly beautiful, but also helpful in enlivening the ambiance. Green walls can absorb heated gas in the air, lower both indoor and outdoor temperature, providing a healthier indoor air quality as well as a more beautiful space. They holds or slows
rainwater, providing food and shelter for wildlife. some plants are able to grow on walls by taking root in the substance of the wall itself. Typical of green walls are the small herbaceous species such as ivy-leaved toadflax, wallflower and plants such as mosses, lichens and grasses. But other species are naturally adapted to climbing up and over obstacles such as rock faces, trees and shrubs. For these to
grow successfully on walls and buildings some kind of support structure is usually essential. Also Green walls can be constructed with many systems. This systems include the following structural concepts (fig 1)
Green walls can examine two major categories: Green Facades and Living Walls. This categories can be divided into other categories (fig). Green façades are made up of climbing plants either growing directly on a wall or in specially designed supporting structures. Green facades are a type of green walls system in which climbing plants or cascading vegetation. Green facades can be anchored to existing walls or built as freestanding .The plant shoot system grows up the side of the building while being rooted to the ground. On the other hand, in a living wall the modular panels are often comprised of polypropylene plastic containers, geotextiles, irrigation systems, a growing medium and vegetation.Living walls, also called bio-walls or vertical gardens. Living wall systems are composed of pre vegetated panels, vertical modules or planted blankets These panels can be made of plastic, expanded polystyrene, synthetic fabric, clay, metal, and concrete.