These are the various vertical Garden projects executed by our company in various parts of Delhi NCR.
These are the various vertical Garden projects executed by our company in various parts of Delhi NCR.
A green wall is a wall partially or completely covered with vegetation that includes a growing medium, such as soil. Most green walls also feature an integrated water delivery system. Green walls are also known as living walls, BIOboards, biowalls, ecowalls, or vertical gardens.
Such walls may be indoors or outside, freestanding or attached to an existing wall, and come in a great variety of sizes. As of 2012, the largest green wall covers 2,700 square meters (29,063 square feet or more than half an acre) and is located at the Los Cabos International Convention Center.
Green walls have seen a recent surge in popularity. Of the 61 large-scale outdoor green walls listed in an online database provided by greenroof.com, 80% were constructed in or after 2009 and 93% dated from no later than 2007.Many Iconic green walls have been constructed by Institutions and in public places such as Airports and are now becoming common, to improve the aesthetics. For example: Edmonton International Airport(Canada), Changi International Airport (Singapore) & Chhattrapati Shivaji International Airport (Mumbai, India)
While Patrick Blanc is sometimes credited as having developed the concept in the late 1980s, the actual inventor is Stanley Hart White, a Professor of Landscape Architecture who patented a green wall system in 1938.
Green walls are often constructed of modular panels that hold a growing medium and can be categorized according to the type of growth media used: loose media, mat media, and structural media.
Loose medium walls tend to be “soil-on-a-shelf” or “soil-in-a-bag” type systems. Loose medium systems have their soil packed into a shelf or bag and are then installed onto the wall. These systems require their media to be replaced at least once a year on exteriors and approximately every two years on interiors. Loose soil systems are not well suited for areas with any seismic activity. Repairs can only be made by re-stuffing soil into the holes on the wall, which is both difficult and messy. Loose-soil systems should not be used in areas where there will be a lot of public interaction as they are quite messy and lose their soil little by little over time. Most importantly, because these systems can easily have their medium blown away by wind-driven rain or heavy winds, these should not be used in applications over 8 feet high. There are some systems in Asia that have solved the loose media erosion problem by use of shielding systems to hold the media within the green wall system even when soil liquefaction occurs under seismic load. In these systems, the plants can still up-root themselves in the liquified soil under seismic load, and therefore it is required that the plants be secured to the system to prevent them from falling from the wall. Loose-soil systems without physical media erosion systems are best suited for the home gardener where occasional replanting is desired from season to season or year to year. Loose-soil systems with physical media erosion systems are well suited for all green wall applications.
Mat type systems tend to be either coir fiber or felt mats. Mat media are quite thin, even in multiple layers, and as such cannot support vibrant root systems of mature plants for more than three to five years before the roots overtake the mat and water is not able to adequately wick through the mats. The method of reparation of these systems is to replace large sections of the system at a time by cutting the mat out of the wall and replacing it with new mat. This process compromises the root structures of the neighboring plants on the wall and often kills many surrounding plants in the reparation process. These systems are best used on the interior of a building and are a good choice in areas with low seismic activity and small plants that will not grow to a weight that could rip the mat apart under their own weight over time. It is important to note that mat systems are particularly water inefficient and often require constant irrigation due to the thin nature of the medium and its inability to hold water and provide a buffer for the plant roots. This inefficiency often requires that these systems have a water re-circulation system put into place at an additional cost. Mat media are better suited for small installations no more than eight feet in height where repairs are easily completed.
Structural media are growth medium “blocks” that are not loose, nor mats, but which incorporate the best features of both into a block that can be manufactured into various sizes, shapes and thicknesses. These media have the advantage that they do not break down for 10 to 15 years, can be made to have a higher or lower water holding capacity depending on the plant selection for the wall, can have their pH and EC’s customized to suit the plants, and are easily handled for maintenance and replacement. They are the most robust option for a living wall in both exterior and interior applications. They are also the best choice in areas where high-winds, seismic activity or heights need to be addressed in the design. Structural media are superior to the other media for their longevity and high-level of performance in a variety of circumstances. Depending on the installation, they do tend to be more expensive to install, but lower cost to maintain.
There is also some discussion involving “active” living walls. An active living wall actively pulls or forces air through the plants leaves, roots and growth medium of the wall and then into the building’s HVAC system to be recirculated throughout the building. A problem with these systems is that building code still requires all the standard air filtration equipment that would have to be installed anyway, despite the living wall’s installation. This means that active living walls do not improve air quality to the point that the installation of other air quality filtration systems can be removed to provide a cost-savings. Therefore, the added cost of design, planning and implementation of an active living wall is still in question. With further research and UL standards to support the air quality data from the living wall, building code may one day allow for our buildings to have their air filtered by plants.
The area of air quality and plants is continuing to be researched. The majority of the research cited is from NASA’s studies performed in the 1970s and 1980s by B.C. Wolverton.There was also a study performed at the University of Guelph by Alan Darlington. Other research has shown the effect the plants have on the health of office workers.“The Effect of Indoor Foliage Plants on Health and Discomfort Symptoms among Office Workers”. Retrieved 2010-12-23..
Green walls are found most often in urban environments where the plants reduce overall temperatures of the building. “The primary cause of heat build-up in cities is insolation, the absorption of solar radiation by roads and buildings in the city and the storage of this heat in the building material and its subsequent re-radiation. Plant surfaces however, as a result of transpiration, do not rise more than 4–5 °C above the ambient and are sometimes cooler.”
Living walls may also be a means for water reuse. The plants may purify slightly polluted water (such as greywater) by absorbing the dissolved nutrients. Bacteria mineralize the organic components to make them available to the plants. A study is underway at the Bertschi School in Seattle, Washington using a GSky Pro Wall system, however, no publicly available data on this is available at this time.
Living walls are particularly suitable for cities, as they allow good use of available vertical surface areas. They are also suitable in arid areas, as the circulating water on a vertical wall is less likely to evaporate than in horizontal gardens.
It’s not surprising to see beautiful garden in front of an individual houses and it excites us, why we cannot have that at our apartment also? Well, the trend of landscape architecture is catching up in India.
Nowadays, all the major developers are concentrating not only on the quality construction of the project, but they are also interested in offering a beautiful environment to the residents. For this, they are keen on designing landscape architecture. After a long day in office and a long time spent in traffic, even the people want to have a cleaner, greener, and health-oriented home, where they can come back and relax. Hence, developers make sure that the project has a good amount of greenery with themed gardens to make a person feel relax and to rejuvenate his mind.
Why do developers want it?
A well-planned landscape offers pleasure to the family, enhances the neighbourhood and completely transforms the area into a spectacular place. It also increases the property resale value. Nowadays, the project is constructed in such a way that, one can easily enjoy the stunning landscapes from majority of apartments. This kind of design improves the saleability and they can also ask for a premium through PLC (Preferred location charge), which buyers pay it without hesitating. They know that such additional features like a golf course, or a park adds value to the project.
In big metro cities, where there is no land parcel left, if the developer offers beautiful and spacious landscapes then it increases the project’s cost considerably. It may cost the developer an additional Rs. 500 per square feet. But, such landscape brings and added advantage and whatever the extra costs the developer had spent get offsets easily.
Advantages of having landscape architecture
It offer open green areas that can be utilized for many activities:
Line is one of the most important and useful of all design elements. Everything in the garden involves line. Think about the trunk of a tree, the distant horizon, the line created when a lawn ends and the adjacent woods begin. A sidewalk, driveway, or fence is a clear and readily accessible line in the landscape. As you plan and design your garden, always consider the line that is created by whatever you are adding.
There are four main ways to describe lines: curved, straight, horizontal, and vertical. None is more important than the others — each has different effects. Strong lines can draw your eye into the landscape, directing both where people look and where they go.
Curved lines shape informal garden beds and add interest to pathways. Straight lines evoke a sense of order and a crispness that is more formal.
Soothing horizontal lines create a sense of stability. Think of the ocean and how its wide expanse meets the sky, creating an irrefutable sense of peacefulness and majesty. Vertical lines project a sense of strength and movement.
No matter which types of line you use, be aware that lines lead the eye. Lines going away from you on the ground draw you forward. Horizontal lines on the ground slow you down. Vertical lines lead the eye up and out of the garden. Curving lines take the eye on an intriguing journey. All are desirable. It’s up to you to know where the lines will lead you or your eye and what you will see when you get there.
Landscaping Mistakes and
How to Avoid Them
In This Article
▶ Knowing the nonsustainable landscaping pitfalls
▶ Avoiding resource- and money-sucking mistakes
Considering all the nonsense that’s out there about landscaping and
gardening practices, I don’t think you need to feel bad about committing
some of the gaffes listed in this chapter. After all, it’s human nature to think
that if everyone’s doing something, it must be right.
Yet many common gardening practices are foolish, and imitating them
doesn’t help anyone. If you’re wasting time and money or creating a big
environmental impact, now is the time to change your ways. A little knowledge
and willingness to change behavior can solve the majority of gardening
problems in a big hurry, with no downside and often little or no cost.
The long days of summer and warmer nights are entice us to stay outdoors. With this tempting offer to dine outside and enjoy the colorful sunset on your patio why not enhance your outdoor experience with the dazzling effects of water.
A water features can enhance a landscapes environment by creating a mood, improving the surrounding aesthetics, or just liven up a garden space. These features can be as simple or complex as you want to make them. There are a variety of options that can be explored for every size and shape yard. Like most projects it’s best to spend some time planning the area your new feature will be placed. From there you can use your imagination to construct the shape and size feature you would like to enjoy. To get started here are some ideas to spark your thoughts.
Many people enjoy the look of a natural looking water feature that mimics the sight and sounds of a meandering mountain stream. The use of Native boulders can be used and placed around your mounded feature creating a stream like waterfall that will flow gently down tumbling into a pond (or pondless) basin below. These types of water features can then be accented nicely by surrounding them with scattered aspens, flowing grasses, or brightly colored flowers creating a wonderful stream environment.
For a simpler and perhaps more artistic feature many homeowners have started accenting their landscape with bubbling rocks. From towering spires to rounded boulders this type of water feature makes a statement in the garden and can create a welcoming display at any homes entrance. The soft flow of water bubbling out of each rock spills down to the ground creating a soft sound and soothing environment. This type of water feature can be very compact and easily placed around the smallest of landscapes.
To add the soft sounds of flowing water to your landscape a nicely placed pot in your yard can be easily converted to a fabulous water feature. This is a great opportunity to pick a brightly colored or patterned pot to brighten up an area in your yard and still provide the calming effects of water. This type of water display will fill the pot with water and allow it to slowly flow over the edge of the pot splashing onto decorative rock placed around the base. It can be just enough to change the atmosphere of a small space or garden.
With designs from the exotic to simplistic there is a variety of options for all landscape types. Many features are also designed so they can simply hang on an outside wall providing a decorative feature as well as provide the sounds of delicately flowing water. Keep in mind that all of these types of water feature will involve some installation and need access to both electricity and a water source. This may be important when placing your new water feature around your yard.
After we have settled the essential approaches, levels, and enclosures for shelter, privacy, or dividing lines around a house, the natural form or lines of the earth herself are in nearly all cases the best to follow, and in our work we face any labour to get the ground back into its natural level or fall where disfigured by ugly banks, lines, or angles.
In the true garden on the hills we have to alter the natural line of the earth or “terrace” it, because we cannot otherwise cultivate the ground or move at ease upon it. Such steep ground exists in many countries, and where it does, a like plan must be followed. The strictly formal in such ground is as right in its way as the lawn in a garden in the hills. But the lawn is the heart of the true garden, and as essential as the terrace is to the gardens on the steep hills. lawns have too often been destroyed that “geometrical” gardens may be made where they are not only needless, but harmful both to the garden and home landscape. Sometimes on level ground the terrace walls cut off the view of the landscape from the house, and, on the other hand, the house from the landscape!
we hold that it is possible to get every charm of a garden and every use of a country-seat without sacrifice of the picturesque or beautiful; that there is no reason why, either in the working or design of gardens, there should be a single false line in them. By this I mean hard and ugly lines such as the earth never follows, as say, to mention a place known7 to many, the banks about the head of the lake in the Bois de Boulogne. These lines are seen in all bad landscape work, though with good workmen we find it is as easy to form true and artistic lines as false and ugly ones. Every landscape painter or observer of landscape will know what is meant here, though I fear it is far beyond the limits of the ideas of design held by the authors of the Formal Garden. Also, that every charm of the flower garden may be secured by avoiding wholly the knots and scrolls which make all the plants and flowers of a garden, all its joy and life, subordinate to the wretched conventional design in which they are “set out.” The true way is the opposite. We should see the flowers and feel the beauty of plant forms, with only the simplest possible plans to ensure good working, to secure every scrap of turf wanted for play or lawn, and for every enjoyment of a garden.
A beautiful house in a fair landscape is the most delightful scene of the cultivated earth—all the more so if there be an artistic garden—the rarest thing to find! The union—a happy marriage it should be—between the house beautiful and the ground near it is worthy of more thought than it has had in the past, and the best ways of effecting that union artistically should interest men more and more as our cities grow larger and our lovely landscape shrinks back from them. The views of old writers will help us little, for a wholly different state of things has arisen in these mechanical days. My own view is that we have never yet got from the garden, and, above all, the home landscape, half the beauty which we may get by abolishing the needless formality and geometry which disfigure so many gardens, both as regards plan and flower planting. Formality is often essential in the plan of a flower garden near a house—never as regards the arrangements of its flowers or shrubs. To array these in lines or rings or patterns can only be ugly wherever done!
That men have never yet generally enjoyed the beauty that good garden design may give is clear from the fact that the painter is driven from the garden! The artist dislikes the common garden with its formality and bedding; he cannot help hating it! In a country place he will seek anything but the garden, but may, perhaps, be found near a wild Rose tossing over the pigsty. This dislike is natural and right, as from most flower gardens the possibility of any beautiful result is shut out! Yet the beautiful garden exists, and there are numbers of gardens in India that are as “paintable” as any bit of pure landscape!
Why is the cottage garden often a picture, and the gentleman’s garden near, wholly shut out of the realm of art, a thing which an artist cannot look at long? It is the absence of pretentious “plan” in the cottage garden which lets the flowers tell their tale direct; the simple walks going where they are wanted; flowers not set in patterns; the walls and porch alive with flowers. Can the gentleman’s garden then, too, be a picture? Certainly; the greater the breadth and means the better the picture should be. But never if our formal “decorative” style of design is kept to. Reform must come by letting Nature take her just place in the garden.
Xeriscaping (often incorrectly called zero-scaping or xeroscaping) is landscaping and gardening that reduces or eliminates the need for supplemental water from irrigation.It is promoted in regions that do not have easily accessible, plentiful, or reliable supplies of fresh water, and is gaining acceptance in other areas as access to water becomes more limited. Xeriscaping may be an alternative to various types of traditional gardening.
In some areas, terms such as water-conserving landscapes, drought-tolerant landscaping, and smart scaping are used instead. Plants whose natural requirements are appropriate to the local climate are emphasized, and care is taken to avoid losing water to evaporation and run-off. The specific plants used in xeriscaping depend upon the climate. Xeriscaping is different from natural landscaping, because the emphasis in xeriscaping is on selection of plants for water conservation, not necessarily selecting native plants.
Public perception of xeriscaping has generally been negative as many assume that that these types of landscapes are ugly or limiting. However studies have shown that education in water conservation practices in the garden can greatly improve the publics perception of xeriscaping
Home owners are often presented with the challenge of landscaping a yard with one or more slopes. It can be
difficult for some to incorporate a sloped section of yard into their landscape as these areas can become the cause of
many concerns if not dealt with correctly.
The slope, if unprotected, can become the main cause of erosion in your yard. If left unattended it will get worse,
degrading the slope, creating rills, and leaving deposits of soil at the base, all of which can potentially create a drainage
problem in your yard.
There are several ways to avoid erosion problems and create a stable beautiful slope; they’re not mutually exclusive.
Before approaching this type of landscape project it is necessary to determine the drainage patterns that exist. Look
around your home to determine what type of drainage is in place. Some yards have drain grates in place that direct water
underground to another location. Other yards may have drainage swales that direct water over the land surface to a low
point where it will then drain towards the road.
You will not want to disturb the drainage patterns created in your yard. If the drainage is a problem or needs to be
changed to incorporate a planting plan you should consider the advice of a professional as you may disrupt the drainage
causing further problems in the yard.
Once you have determined how the water is draining off your slope, you can begin creating a design. An easy and
attractive way to decorate the shape and hide the swales is to create flowing river beds within the drainage. These
drainage areas are usually straight cutouts in the landscape that are a few inches lower then the surrounding grade.
These areas can be filled in with rock that compliments the surroundings. For a more dramatic look the drainage can be
gently widened, on either side of the low point, creating a more natural s shaped creek bed.
Now that the drainage has been addressed the slope garden can begin to take form. A gently sloping hillside can be
planted with a variety of plants and accented with native rocks and boulders which can spill in to the flat of your yard.
Choosing woody, low growing shrubs that have fibrous root systems will help to stabilize the slopes soil. As the plants
mature the roots will hold the soil in place eliminating the concern for future erosion problems.
Another consideration when landscaping a slope is the possible use of walls and terracing. There are a few options that
can be contemplated when choosing the type of retaining wall you will build to contain and enhance your slope.